Monday, 31 August 2009
Ar-Rahmān; The All Beneficent, The Most Merciful in Essence, The Compassionate, The Most Gracious
Ar-Rahīm; The Most Merciful, The Most Merciful in Actions
Al-Malik; The Owner, The Sovereign, The True and Ultimate King
Al-Quddūs; The Most Holy, The Most Pure, The Most Perfect
As-Salām; The Peace and Blessing, The Source of Peace and Safety, The Most Perfect
Al-Mu'min; The Guarantor, The Self Affirming, The Granter of Security, The Affirmer of Truth
Al-Muhaymin; The Guardian, The Preserver, The Overseeing Protector
Al-ʿAzīz; The Almighty, The Self Sufficient, The Most Honorable
Al-Jabbār; The Powerful, The Irresistible, The Compeller, The Most Lofty, The Restorer/Improver of Affairs
Al-Mutakabbir; The Tremendous
Al-Khāliq; The Creator
Al-Bāri'; The Rightful
Al-Muṣawwir; The Fashioner of Forms
Al-Ghaffār; The Ever Forgiving
Al-Qahhār; The All Compelling Subduer
Al-Wahhāb; The Bestower
Ar-Razzāq; The Ever Providing
Al-Fattāh; The Opener, The Victory Giver
Al-ʿAlīm; The All Knowing, The Omniscient
Al-Qābiḍ; The Restrainer, The Straightener
Al-Bāsiṭ; The Expander, The Munificent
Al-Khāfiḍ; The Abaser
Ar-Rāfiʿ; The Exalter
Al-Muʿizz; The Giver of Honour
Al-Mu'thell; The Giver of Dishonour
As-Samīʿ; The All Hearing
Al-Baṣīr; The All Seeing
Al-Ḥakam; The Judge, The Arbitrator
Al-`Adl; The Utterly Just
Al-Laṭīf; The Gentle, The Subtly Kind
Al-Khabīr; The All Aware
Al-Ḥalīm; The Forbearing, The Indulgent
Al-ʿAẓīm; The Magnificent, The Infinite
Al-Ghafūr; The All Forgiving
Ash-Shakūr; The Grateful
Al-ʿAliyy; The Sublimely Exalted
Al-Kabīr; The Great
Al-Ḥafīẓ; The Preserver
Al-Muqīt; The Nourisher
Al-Ḥasīb; The Bringer of Judgment
Al-Jalīl; The Majestic
Al-Karīm; The Bountiful, The Generous
Ar-Raqīb; The Watchful
Al-Mujīb; The Responsive, The Answerer
Al-Wāsiʿ; The Vast, The All Encompassing
Al-Ḥakīm; The Wise
Al-Wadūd; The Loving, The Kind One
Al-Majīd; The All Glorious
Al-Bāʿith; The Raiser of The Dead
الشهيدAsh-Shahīd; The Witness
Al-Ḥaqq; The Truth, The Real
Al-Wakīl; The Trustee, The Dependable
Al-Qawwiyy; The Strong
Al-Matīn; The Firm, The Steadfast
Al-Waliyy; The Protecting Friend, Patron and Helper
Al-Hamid; The All Praiseworthy
Al-Muḥṣi; The Accounter, The Numberer of All
Al-Mubdi'; The Producer, Originator, and Initiator of All
Al-Muʿīd; The Restorer, The Reinstater Who Brings Back All
Al-Muḥyi; The Giver of Life
Al-Mumīt; The Bringer of Death, The Destroyer
Al-Ḥayy; The Ever Living
Al-Qayyūm; The Self Subsisting Provider of All
Al-Wājid; The Perceiver, The Finder, The Unfailing
Al-Mājid; The Illustrious, The Magnificent
Al-Wāḥid; The One, The Unique, Manifestation of Unity
Al-'Aḥad; The One, the All Inclusive, The Indivisible
Aṣ-Ṣamad; The Self Sufficient, The Impregnable,The Eternally Besought of All, The Everlasting
Al-Qādir; The All Able
Al-Muqtadir; The All Determiner, The Dominant
Al-Muqaddim; The Expediter, He Who Brings Forward
Al-Mu'akhkhir; The Delayer, He Who Puts Far Away
Al-'Awwal; The First (Alpha)
Al-'Akhir; The Last (Omega)
Aẓ-ẓāhir; The Manifest, The All Victorious
الباطنAl-Bāṭin; The Hidden, The All Encompassing
Al-Wāli; The Patron
Al-Mutāʿali; The Self Exalted
Al-Barr; The Most Kind and Righteous
At-Tawwāb; The Ever Returning, Ever Relenting
Al-Muntaqim; The Avenger
Al-ʿAfuww; The Pardoner, The Effacer of Sins
Ar-Ra'ūf; The Compassionate, The All Pitying
Mālik-ul-Mulk; The Owner of All Sovereignty
ذو الجلال والإكرام
Dhū-l-Jalāliwa-l-'ikrām; The Lord of Majesty and Generosity
Al-Muqsiţ; The Equitable, The Requiter
Al-Jāmiʿ; The Gatherer, The Unifier
Al-Ghaniyy; The All Rich, The Independent
Al-Mughni; The Enricher, The Emancipator
Al-Māniʿ; The Withholder, The Shielder, the Defender
Aḍ-Ḍārr; The Distressor, The Harmer, The Afflictor
An-Nāfiʿ; The Propitious, The Benefactor
An-Nūr; The Light
Al-Hādi; The Guide
Al-Badīʿ; The Incomparable, The Originator
Al-Bāqi; The Ever Enduring and Immutable
Al-Wārith; The Heir, The Inheritor of All
Ar-Rashīd; The Guide, Infallible Teacher and Knower
Aṣ-Ṣabur; The Patient, The Timeless.
Some Muslim people have names resembling those 99. Examples include:
Ra'ouf, such as
Salam, such as Salam Fayyad.
Kareem, such as Kareem Abdul-Jabbar.
The longest reigning ruler in the Middle East, HH Sheikh Saqr bin Mohammed Al Qasimi has completed 60 years of rule and is the pride of the UAE.
“Sheikh Saqr asked his people if they wanted to be a part of the UAE Federation or function as an independent country. Based on their consensus for unification, he joined the Federation. It was almost electoral”.
My memories of my father are divided into two sections – my interaction with him as a son and as an employee in his government.
After I completed my studies in Philosophy from the Cairo University, I joined the Courts Department in Ras Al Khaimah in 1979. Unlike other departments that usually deal with locals, the courts deal with a cross-section of people of all nationalities.
My father always taught me to keep my cool, be silent and be impartial while imparting judgement. He told me, “Many people will cry but their tears could be false, many people laugh but they needn’t necessarily be happy. Close your eyes to the person’s age, nationality, gender, colour or religion. We must discover who is right and who is wrong.” However, he was extremely judicious too. Once, an expatriate child, who had been abroad for studies, was returning home to Ras Al Khaimah when his parents realised his visa had expired. It was 2am in the night and the family came knocking on Sheikh Saqr’s door. He was up and solved the problem immediately.
His involvement in the emirate’s welfare is so intense that he is loved and revered by all his people. In times of crisis, people have travelled down from the mountains and deserts to safeguard him. When there was word about the Federation, he addressed his people in an open majlis. I was there too, and I remember there were hundreds of people, from all strata and vocations who had assembled there. He asked them if they would consent that Ras Al Khaimah join the Federation, and asked Sheikh Abdul Aziz bin Humaid Al Qasimi, to count the number of hands that went up. When there was a majority, he consented that RAK join the Federation. It was nearly electoral.
Tuesday, 18 August 2009
Friday, 14 August 2009
(On picture: Me and my friend Mohamed Hassan in Burj Al Arab)
H. H. Sheikh Mohamed Al Qasimi, our partner, sent his people to receive us in the airport with all kind of attentions.
I stayed on Ras Al Khaimah, in Hilton Resort with my father and all Edigaia team. It was a great time and I meet the entire Emirate guided by driver of His Highness, Mr. Majid.
It was a pleasure sign a Memorandum of Association with His Highness and start thinking about business in UAE. More than the money, the country is beautiful and the people are very friendly.
I thought in that time that I found my second country. For me, UAE is a great place to live and to work.
I started meeting people like my friend and my partner Mohamed Hassan and after H.H. Sheikha Hind Al Qasimi and others. It was a great pleasure start a company with them too.
Mohamed Hassan showed to me what are an Arab and a Muslim and I was delighted. I really feel that I have some Arab blood in my veins. The social concern and the respect for the others is something that we can see all the time especially between the Sheikhs.
(On Picture: My father, H.H. Sheikh Mohamed Al Qasimi, H.H. Sheikh Sultan Al Qasimi and Me in F.C.Porto Stadium)
Because I love to write, I did a small text about UAE, Arab people and my relation with them:
UAE means United Arab Emirates but could very well mean Union, Awesome (spectacular) and Elegant. They live for the others. They use their Union to show to the world than is possible do good things when we are perseverant and we work all with the same finality. They are Awesome or Spectacular; they build and they do what nobody did ever in the world. They are Elegant; they are friendly, they have respect for all, they are correct in all occasions.
Nobody feels bad in that country. Is a country with a strong culture but open to the occidental world. The people are intelligent and curious; open to new things and new ideas that improve the country development.
Thursday, 13 August 2009
The awareness drive is part of the GWU's efforts to implement the National Strategy for the Advancement of Women, launched by Her Highness Shaikha Fatima Bint Mubarak, Chairperson of the General Women's Union and President of the Family Development Foundation. The strategy aims at activating the role of women and ensuring their positive participation in eight key areas: Education, economy, media, social work, health, legislations and environment as well as political and executive fields.
The campaign seeks to heighten awareness among women about their rights which are guaranteed by the constitution and build their capacities to defend their legal rights.
Under the programme, the first phase will see holding of 12 workshops and four training task forces.
Through the training workshops, women will learn about international conventions and laws regarding women's rights.
Wednesday, 12 August 2009
Heading from Lisbon:
38° 42' North
9° 05' West
121.3° Southeast by east
24° 27' North
54° 23' East
301.3° Northwest by west
O Location for Lisbon
O Location for Abu Dhabi
The map is using a projection that makes land and oceans much wider near the south and north poles. The heading/course/bearing during a flight varies in most cases. Map based on image from NASA.
Shahadah is a statement professing monotheism and accepting Mohammad as God's messenger and there is no god but God. The shahadah is a set statement normally recited in Arabic, translated as: "[I profess that] There is no God but Allah, and Mohammad is the Prophet of Allah."
The second pillar of Islam is Salat, the requirement to pray five times a day at fixed times during the day. The times of day to pray are at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and night. Each salat is performed facing towards the Kaaba in Mecca. Salat is intended to focus the mind on Allah; it is seen as a personal communication with Allah, expressing gratitude and worship. According to the Qur'an, the benefit of prayer “restrains [one] from shameful and evil deeds”.[Qur'an 29:40]
Salat is compulsory but there is some flexibility in body and clothing. Nonetheless, the place of prayer must be cleaned.
Zakat or alms-giving is the practice of charitable giving by Muslims based on accumulated wealth, and is obligatory for all who are able to do so. It is considered to be a personal responsibility for Muslims to ease economic hardship for others and eliminate inequality. Zakat consists of spending 2.5% of one's wealth for the benefit of the poor or needy, including slaves, debtors and travellers. A Muslim may also donate more as an act of voluntary charity (sadaqah), in order to achieve additional divine reward. There are two main types of Zakat. First, there is the kajj, which is a fixed amount based on the cost of food that is paid during the month of Ramadan by the head of a family for himself and his dependents. Second, there is the Zakat on wealth, which covers money made in business, savings, income, and so on. In current usage Zakat is treated as a 2.5% collections on most valuables and savings held for a full lunar year, as long as the total value is more than a basic minimum known as nisab (three ounces or 87.48g of gold). As of 20 September 2008, nisab is approximately $2,640 or an equivalent amount in any other currency. Many Shi'ites are expected to pay an additional amount in the form of a khums tax, which they consider to be a separate ritual practice. There are four principles that should be followed when giving the Zakat:
1. The giver must declare to God his intention to give the Zakat.
2. The Zakat must be paid on the day that it is due. If one fails to pay the Zakat, people think he is refusing to fulfill God's wishes.
3. Payment must be in kind. This means if one has a lot of money then he needs to pay 2.5% of his income. If he does not have much money, he needs to pay in a different way. For example, if he has a lot of cattle, then he pays in cattle instead of money.
4. The Zakat must be distributed in the community from which it was taken.
Many Muslims traditionally break their fasts in Ramadan with dates (like those offered by this date seller in Kuwait City), as was the recorded practice (Sunnah) of Muhammad.
Ritual fasting is an obligatory act during the month of Ramadan. Muslims must abstain from food, drink, and sexual intercourse from dawn to dusk during this month, and are to be especially mindful of other sins.
The fast is meant to allow Muslims to seek nearness to Allah, to express their gratitude to and dependence on him, to atone for their past sins, and to remind them of the needy. During Ramadan, Muslims are also expected to put more effort into following the teachings of Islam by refraining from violence, anger, envy, greed, lust, harsh language, gossip and to try to get along with people better than normal. In addition, all obscene and irreligious sights and sounds are to be avoided.
Fasting during Ramadan is obligatory, but is forbidden for several groups for whom it would be very dangerous and excessively problematic. These include pre-pubescent children, those with a medical condition such as diabetes, elderly people, and pregnant or breastfeeding women. Observing fasts is not permitted for menstruating women. Other individuals for whom it is considered acceptable not to fast are those who are ill or traveling. Missing fasts usually must be made up soon afterward, although the exact requirements vary according to circumstance.
The hajj to the Kaaba, in Mecca, is an important practice in Islam.
The Hajj is a pilgrimage that occurs during the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah to the holy city of Mecca, and derives from an ancient Arab practice. Every able-bodied Muslim is obliged to make the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lifetime if they can afford it. When the pilgrim is around 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) from Mecca, he must dress in Ihram clothing, which consists of two white sheets. Both men and women are required to make the pilgrimage to Mecca, as the Hajj is mandatory for both males and females. After a Muslim makes the trip to Mecca, he/she is known as a hajj/hajja (one who made the pilgrimage to Mecca). The main rituals of the Hajj include walking seven times around the Kaaba, touching the Black Stone, travelling seven times between Mount Safa and Mount Marwah, and symbolically stoning the Devil in Mina.
The pilgrim, or the haji, is honoured in their community. For some, this is an incentive to perform the Hajj. Islamic teachers say that the Hajj should be an expression of devotion to Allah, not a means to gain social standing. The believer should be self-aware and examine their intentions in performing the pilgrimage. This should lead to constant striving for self-improvement. A pilgrimage made at any time other than the Hajj season is called an Umrah, and while not mandatory is strongly encouraged.
In Biblical Hebrew, the commandments are called עשרת הדברים (translit. Aseret ha-Dvarîm) and in Rabbinical Hebrew עשרת הדברות (translit. Aseret ha-Dibrot), both translatable as "the ten terms." The English name "Decalogue" is derived from the Greek translation δεκάλογος dekalogos "ten terms", found in the Septuagint at Exodus 34:28 and Deuteronomy 10:4.
The phrase "Ten Commandments" is generally used to refer to similar passages in Exodus 20:2–17 and Deuteronomy 5:6–21. Some scholars distinguish between this "Ethical Decalogue" and a different series of ten commandments in Exodus 34:11–27 that they call the "Ritual Decalogue". Although Exodus 34 contains ten imperative statements, the passages in Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5 contain fourteen or fifteen. However, the Bible assigns the count of ten to both lists. Various denominations divide these statements into ten in different ways, and may also translate the Commandments differently.
The Arabian developed in a desert climate and was prized by the nomadic Bedouin people, often being brought inside the family tent for shelter and protection. This close relationship with humans has created a horse breed that is good-natured, quick to learn, and willing to please. But the Arabian also developed the high spirit and alertness needed in a horse used for raiding and war. This combination of willingness and sensitivity requires modern Arabian horse owners to handle their horses with competence and respect.
"The Versatile Arabian" is a slogan of the breed. Arabians dominate the discipline of endurance riding, and compete today in many other fields of equestrian activity. They are one of the top ten most popular horse breeds in the world. Arabian horses are now found worldwide, including the United States and Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia, continental Europe, South America (especially Brazil), and its land of origin, the Middle East.
Other distinctive features are a relatively long, level croup and naturally high tail carriage. Well-bred Arabians have a deep, well-angled hip and well laid-back shoulder. Most have a compact body with a short back. Some, though not all, have 5 lumbar vertebrae instead of the usual 6, and 17 rather than 18 pairs of ribs. Thus, even a small Arabian can carry a heavy rider with ease. Arabians usually have dense, strong bone, sound feet, and good hoof walls. They are especially noted for endurance.
Some people confuse the refinement of Arabians with having weak or too-light bone. However, the USEF breed standard requires Arabians have solid bone and correct conformation, and the superiority of the breed in endurance competition clearly demonstrates that well-bred Arabians are strong, sound horses with good bone and superior stamina. At international levels of FEI-sponsored endurance events, Arabians and half-Arabians are the dominant performers in distance competition worldwide.
Another misconception confuses the skeletal structure of the sacrum with the angle of the "hip" (the pelvis or ilium), leading some to assert that the comparatively horizontal croup and high-carried tail of Arabians correlates to a flat pelvis and thus they cannot use their hindquarters properly. However, the croup is formed by the sacral vertebrae. The hip angle is determined by the attachment of the ilium to the spine, the structure and length of the femur, and other aspects of hindquarter anatomy, not necessarily the angle of the sacrum. Thus, the Arabian has conformation typical of other horse breeds built for speed and distance, such as the Thoroughbred, which properly includes the angle of the ilium being more oblique than that of the croup, the hip at approximately 35 degrees to a croup angle of 25 degrees. The proper comparison of sacrum and hip is in length, not angle. All horses bred to gallop need a good length of croup and good length of hip for proper attachment of muscles, and the two do go together as a rule. The hip angle, on the other hand, is not necessarily correlated to the line of the croup. Thus, a good-quality Arabian has both a relatively horizontal croup and a properly angled pelvis with good length of croup and depth of hip (length of pelvis) to allow agility and impulsion. Within the breed, there are variations. Some individuals have wider, more powerfully muscled hindquarters suitable for intense bursts of activity in events such as reining, while others have longer, leaner muscling better suited for long stretches of flat work such as endurance riding or horse racing.
The breed standard for Arabian horses, as stated by the United States Equestrian Federation, describes the Arabians as standing between 14.1 and 15.1 hands (57 to 61 inches (145 to 155 cm)) tall, "with the occasional individual over or under." Thus, all Arabians, regardless of height, are classified as "horses," even though 14.2 hands (58 inches (147 cm)) is the traditional cutoff height between a horse and a pony. A common myth is that Arabians are not strong because of their size. However, the Arabian horse is noted for a greater density of bone than other breeds, short cannons, sound feet, and a broad, short back; all of which give the breed physical strength comparable to many taller animals. Clearly, for tasks where the sheer weight of the horse matters, such as farm work done by a draft horse, or team roping, any lighter-weight horse is at a disadvantage, but for most purposes, the Arabian is a strong and hardy breed of light horse able to carry any type of rider in most equestrian pursuits.
Arabians are noted for both intelligence and a spirited disposition.
For centuries, Arabian horses lived in the desert in close association with humans. For shelter and protection from theft, prized war mares were sometimes kept in their owner's tent, close to children and everyday family life. Only horses with a naturally good disposition were allowed to reproduce. The result is that Arabians today have a temperament that, among other examples, makes them one of the few breeds for which the United States Equestrian Federation allows children to exhibit stallions in nearly all show ring classes, including those limited to riders under 18.
On the other hand, the Arabian is also classified as a "hot-blooded" breed, a category that includes other refined, spirited horses bred for speed, such as the Thoroughbred and the Barb. Like other hot-bloods, Arabians' sensitivity and intelligence enable quick learning and greater communication with their riders. However, their intelligence also allows them to learn bad habits as quickly as good ones, and do not tolerate inept or abusive training practices.
Some people believe that it is more difficult to train a "hot-blooded" horse such as the Arabian, Thoroughbred, Barb and Akhal-Teke. However, most Arabians have a natural tendency to cooperate with humans, but when treated badly, like any horse, can become excessively nervous or anxious, though seldom become vicious unless seriously spoiled or subjected to extreme abuse. On the other hand, romantic myths are sometimes told about Arabian horses that give them near-divine characteristics.
In the 17th century the Spanish ceased fighting bulls from horseback. At that time they began to selectively breed horses for riding and for parade, with a flashy gait, strong bones and a powerful presence. The Portuguese continue to fight bulls from horseback and thus kept these distinct historic characteristics in the modern Lusitano.